Jump to navigation. At a policy level, planning means ensuring that the right development takes place in the right locations and at the right time. Our planning system provides the social, economic and physical infrastructure necessary to meet the needs of our people and in a way that protects the many qualities of our natural and built environment. The range of laws, guidelines and processes which underpin Irish planning can be summed up as follows We are responsible for regulating the use of the foreshore through a system of leasing and licensing.
Languages English Gaeilge. Quick find. Office of the Planning Regulator external link. EIA Portal. National Planning Framework external link. Foreshore Consenting. National Marine Planning Framework.
Legislation and Guidelines Legislation and Guidelines. National planning framework National Planning Framework. The planning system The planning system. Development management Development management. Planning initiatives Planning initiatives. Foreshore Consenting Foreshore Consenting.
Applications and Determinations. More on Foreshore Consenting. Climate Action Climate Action. Climate Action. Circulars Circulars. Planning Circulars. Minister Burke confirms significant increases in funding for Planning and Local Government. Minister Murphy: Public participation period in Planning returns to normal.
Appropriate Assessment Determination for S. View all publications. Public Consultations Status - Open. Status - Closed. View all public consultations.Deductive reasoningalso deductive logicis the process of reasoning from one or more statements premises to reach a logical conclusion. Deductive reasoning goes in the same direction as that of the conditionals, and links premises with conclusions.
If all premises are true, the terms are clearand the rules of deductive logic are followed, then the conclusion reached is necessarily true. Deductive reasoning "top-down logic" contrasts with inductive reasoning "bottom-up logic" in the following way; in deductive reasoning, a conclusion is reached reductively by applying general rules which hold over the entirety of a closed domain of discoursenarrowing the range under consideration until only the conclusion s is left there is no epistemic uncertainty ; i.
Deductive reasoning differs from abductive reasoning by the direction of the reasoning relative to the conditionals. Deductive reasoning goes in the same direction as that of the conditionals, whereas abductive reasoning goes in the opposite direction to that of the conditionals. The first premise states that all objects classified as "men" have the attribute "mortal. Modus ponens also known as "affirming the antecedent" or "the law of detachment" is the primary deductive rule of inference.
The argument form is listed below:. Such an argument commits the logical fallacy of affirming the consequent. It might be true that other angles outside this range are also obtuse. Modus tollens also known as "the law of contrapositive" is a deductive rule of inference.
In contrast to modus ponensreasoning with modus tollens goes in the opposite direction to that of the conditional. The general expression for modus tollens is the following:. In proposition logic the law of syllogism takes two conditional statements and forms a conclusion by combining the hypothesis of one statement with the conclusion of another.
Here is the general form:. We deduced the final statement by combining the hypothesis of the first statement with the conclusion of the second statement. We also allow that this could be a false statement. This is an example of the transitive property in mathematics.
Another example is the transitive property of equality which can be stated in this form:. Deductive arguments are evaluated in terms of their validity and soundness. In other words, the conclusion must be true if the premises are true. It is possible to have a deductive argument that is logically valid but is not sound.Google is getting better at dealing with some form of paid links. It is too risky at the moment in 2017, and there are still plenty of ways to get links without paying for them.
Hello, The (A MIDDLE EASTERN NATIONAL NEWSPAPER) is currently offering outside companies to purchase links from within our articles. To place a bid, simply send a document with the keywords you would like to purchase, and your price bid. Feel free to search the site for yourself, to find the perfect article for you. Since we are just starting this venture, we have no fixed price, thus you can choose the amount of links, period of time, and so on.
We are allowing the first 1000 S. We will accept lucrative offers. Have a good day, (REMOVED). I could just report the site for selling links and my competitors for buying them (not that I bother with that). Would a rival newspaper use this information against you too if they new, especially given the polarising nature of your content (again, not that it bothers me).
If you are buying or selling links that are search engine friendly you better be doing it more covertly than this. Start, for instance, with a private email address, and open up a conversation before you show folks what you have got. I sent the email back with a link to this post to see what they say.
Google uses big trusted sites like news media sites, and their links, to help them sort out the cesspool of the web (when they Google is not ranking news sites own content above smaller businesses). I would do some of that too I suppose. I mean Google has made newspaper sites authority sites in niches like online dating.
Some newspaper sites are so stupid they send out crazy link selling emails too, like above, and indeed, some folk do out them. They do make a business of outing folk. I can tell you I usually ignore all reciprocal link exchange requests via unsolicited emails and recommend you do to. The quantity, quality, and relevance of links count towards your rating.
The sites that link to you can provide context about the subject matter of your site, and can indicate its quality and popularity. However, some Webmasters engage in link exchange schemes and build partner pages exclusively for the sake of cross-linking, disregarding the quality of the links, the sources, and the long-term impact it will have on their sites.
IF YOU TAKE A SECOND AND VISUALISE in your head the link scheme in place and the relationship between pages via links in the reciprocal links hub scenario, you can see how easy it is to do so. Google can probably compute and identify that one a lot faster than you can its so obvious. A useful links page out to unrelated sites on a low-quality domain is just spam to Google and more often or not the pages your links are on will just be ignored by Google, so there is no point getting a link from these pages.
Linking is the foundation of the web. Without links, there would be no web as we know it, no Google even, so never be scared of linking to useful sites or pages. In fact, Google WANTS or, at least, EXPECTS you to do this and will thank you for it at some level. Do you really want that. Of course, you should ALWAYS be LOOKING for high-quality links, whether you link back to those sites or not.
One-way links are better for ranking in search engines as they indicate editorially approved links from other sites to yours. I am working with a client at the moment in a global market that makes something amazing a lot of blue chip companies pay a lot of money for. The aim is to get the BRAND websites to VOTE for our site FIRST, so OUR search engine rankings improve, because Google now TRUSTS our site because of these new quality links on sites it already trusts.
I think all Brand managers would like another good-news-page in the SERPs, so creating a case study for their brand, on your website, is probably better than a link on a links page Google will probably eventually ignore.
If a very trusted site links to my site and gave me a ranking boost, am I expected to believe that linking back to them will remove my ranking boost. Linking back to a site that links to you is a very common thing on the web. Consider the small site that links to its industry body, and a year down the line the small site is a big player, with links from the industry body.
Is that link useless.This is a pivotal time for parents in helping kids make positive choices when faced with drugs and alcohol. Teens are a savvy bunch when it comes to this topic, and they need detailed and reality-driven messages from you.
High school is going to be a ton of fun, and we want you to have a great time. A lot of people feel like this is just what high school kids do. It is important to seek out these other kids who are making good choices, and be brave about trying new activities or making new friends. Just know that you can talk to us about anything, anytime even if you DO make a mistake or feel stuck in a situation that you need help to get out of.
We want you to count on us to help you make smart decisions and stay safe, okay. It seems like you are hanging with a different crowd than you have in the past. Is something going on with your usual friends.Impariamo a ragionare: deduzione, induzione e abduzione
Is there a problem with your old friends, or are you just branching out and meeting some new kids. Tell me about your new friends. What are they like. What do they like to do.
What do you like about them. The response should be measured, quiet and serious not yelling, shouting or overly emotional. I need to get a handle on how often this has been happening and what your experiences have been so far. I love you and care about you. Your health and well-being are very important to me. I need you to be honest with me. So for starters, tell me about what happened tonight. How do you feel about it. Thanks to SAG-AFTRA and its members for their ongoing generosity and support of the organization and our cause.
We can help you create a personalized action plan. Helpful to Note: Always keep conversations open and honest. Balance positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Keep in mind that teachable moments come up all of the time be mindful of natural places for the conversation to go in order to broach the topic of drugs and alcohol. Jump to: 2-4 Years Old 5-8 Years Old 9-12 Years Old 13-18 Years Old 19-25 Years Old What to Say to Your Preschooler About Drugs (2-4 years old) Since the foundation for all healthy habits from nutrition to toothbrushing is laid down during the preschool years, this is a great time to set the stage for a drug-free life.My adult son and I decided to go on a rather last minute trip to Iceland.
An internet search led me, amongst others, to Nordic Visitor and was reassured to see they had achieved a Trip Advisor Certificate of Excellence in 2014 which was an incentive to feel confident in the quality of the trip and ultimately was the Company I chose to go with. I booked a four day, three night Northern Lights, Super Jeep Safari for myself and my son which we took in early February. We chose Quality over Comfort for our hotel and were not disappointed as Hotel Borg was just superb as well as being centrally situated and therefore everything was on our doorstep in downtown Reykjavik.
She was super efficient as was always good in communicating via email so I always knew what was what. From the moment we arrived and got in the waiting taxi at the airport until the end of the holiday when we were collected at the Hotel Borg to be delivered back to the airport, the holiday was one to remember.
In such a beautiful country, with fast changing weather, excellent people, fun and interesting places to go to, fabulous knowledgeable guides on the tours (particularly Halldron of Amazing Tours who was brilliant) and delicious food, I shall not forget these few days. We booked through Nordic Visitor and they organised the activities with Kiruna Tourism and we had an amazing trip, meet at the airport -23 C, deck out in clothing which we kept for the 4 days, transported around, good hotel and had great guides who were welcoming, knowledgeable and communicative.
Couldn't ask for anything more, Went snow walking, dog sledding, visited Abisko viewing station, Ice hotel and Sami Village. All the tours were great and Gudrun was so helpful at every point. Tuesday's golden circle and Friday's snow mobile guides were both absolutely amazing. All the information given on the tours was clear and interesting. I love the Icelandic sense of humour.
Great tours, great service and a good price - enjoyed our trip. Nordic Visitor helped make our trip to Iceland an unforgettable, awe-inspiring experience. Since we didn't have to worry about making arrangements for lodging, the rental car, or our glacier hike, we were able to relax and fully enjoy the wonders of Iceland in wintertime.
The detailed itinerary, road guide book, and helpfully annotated and highlighted road map were amazing, and the stack of vouchers, organized chronologically in order of use made each stop along the way completely effortless.
This was the best travel experience I have ever had. I have already recommended Nordic Visitor to all of my friends who plan on future trips to Iceland, and I will probably use Nordic Visitor again on my own future trip to Norway, and a possible return trip to Iceland. Thank you, Nordic Visitor. I have nothing but praise for the tour provided by Nordic Visitor, for the contact I had with them prior to arrival, and their help in arranging our accommodation (we were three friends, needing three beds in one room, so a little difficult) and even the room we wanted.
Our hotel was awesome, the staff super friendly, the breakfast amazing, and our room very comfortable with wonderful views. The only feedback I have is good. I would recommend Nordic Visitor to anyone. I thought they were wonderful and that contributed to our having an amazing time and wanting to return to Iceland. My wife and I wanted to sample two contrasting lifestyles of Scandinavia - the more rustic one of the Arctic circle and the urban quality of the cities.
As nothing seemed to fully satisfy my needs I decided to contact Nordic Visitor and asked for advice. It turned out to be a great decision - their impressively broad offer was explained to me in exhaustive detail by a Nordic Visitor Travel Consultant who was also able to make suggestions when I requested for it.
My final choice was a combination of two existing tours with certain modifications to suit all my needs. The care of all the details (including upgrades of the transport classes I decided to request for later) was taken by the Nordic Visitor Travel Consultant who did a fantastic job - everything was done promptly and worked impeccably throughout the entire tour. Nordic Visitor is highly recommended if you want to have a stress-free experience in booking your holiday and afterwards focusing on nothing more but on the enjoyment it brings.
We used Nordic Visitor to book our Iceland new year trip fairly last minute. Can't fault them - we had a fantastic experience and the whole process was so straightforward and felt effortless. Before travelling we were in regular contact with our agent (Hafdis) who was quick to respond on working days and answered all our questions.
We were free to book extra activities as and when we found them (which we did a few times. They were easy to contact whilst in Iceland as they gave us a local mobile phone with credit. We got upgraded rooms in half the (fantastic) hotels we stayed in and our car was upgraded too. Thanks for your help - our trip was great.Dan Salmon, Equity Research Analyst, BMO Capital MarketsThis featured fireside chat will be announced shortly and include a discussion with a key industry leader in the year ahead.
Guided by his unique journey from corner store to corner office, SAP CEO Bill McDermott will present his analysis on the state of marketing as the enabler of the consumer-driven growth revolution.
He will also share secrets from his boardroom conversations with Fortune 1000 CEOs around the world. Bill McDermott, CEO, SAPJohn Ebbert, Publisher, AdExchangerGoogle VP Brad Bender will discuss the company's evolving advertiser business.
How does NBCU juggle traditional "Upfront" sales, advanced TV, digital programmatic and cooperative sales with key partners like Apple and Vox. Jon Suarez-Davis, Chief Strategy Officer, Salesforce Marketing Cloud, SalesforceIBM continues to augment and develop its technology strategy in service to marketers.
This fireside chat looks at "what's next" through the lens of the company's Chief Digital Officer, Bob Lord. Bob Lord, Chief Digital Officer, IBM Interviewed by: Zach Rodgers, Executive Editor, AdExchangerThe last few years have given the "principals" in the programmatic transaction - marketers and publishers - plenty of reasons to question its value.
From brand safety to ad fraud to agency rebates and price transparency issues, ad tech has had its share of trouble.
And yet the industry continues to grow in spite of it all. Is 2018 the year the technology ecosystem moves beyond its "trust issues". This panel will explore the question, and provide a roadmap for how to move forward. Barrett, CEO, Rubicon Project Brian O'Kelley, CEO and Co-Founder, AppNexus Brett Wilson, VP and General Manager, Advertising, Adobe Moderated by: Sarah Sluis, Senior Editor, AdExchangerThe General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is an effort by the European Commission to shift the balance of power in favor of consumers so that they can determine and command when a company can or cannot use their personal data to drive business decisions.
This session will explore how your strategies, technologies and operations must change to be compliant with the Regulation, and how good, early preparation will help you thrive in this stricter environment.
Melissa Parrish, VP, Research Director, ForresterA special presentation from the native advertising software company, Sharethrough. Dan Greenberg, CEO, SharethroughGreat Chief Marketing Officers (CMOs) are hard to find - ask any board. Blodget will discuss media trends in the year ahead as well as provide an inside view on the next steps for BI under owner Axel Springer SE, the leading digital publisher in Europe.
Henry Blodget, CEO and Editor, Business Insider Interviewed by: Sara Fischer, Media Reporter, AxiosQuantcast Co-Founder and CEO Konrad Feldman looks at the year ahead as his company pursues a strategy based on artificial intelligence (AI) technology and its application for brands, agencies and publishers.
Konrad Feldman, Co-Founder and CEO, QuantcastCBS is looking at creating new and improved ways in 2018 for their clients to buy their TV show lineup and all CBS content across its broadcast and digital platforms. JoAnn Ross will discuss her company's plans and the important trends she sees in the year ahead.
Getting there requires industry collaboration, strong data science and airtight privacy. The CEOs of some of the world's largest audience and data platforms will survey the landscape, discussing how they and their peers are moving toward a world of "known" users. He'll provide insights on the huge opportunity ahead he sees for his company.
In this fireside chat, Steve King, Publicis Media's CEO, will discuss his view on how the agency is achieving its mission. Steve King, CEO, Publicis Media Interviewed by: Brian Wieser, Sr. Brian Andersen, Partner, LUMATwo days focused on what to expect in the next 12 months in marketing technology.
Hear the leaders of the advertising and marketing technology ecosystem reveal new visions for 2018 and beyond.The calculation of confidence intervals is based on the assumption that the variable is normally distributed in the population. Shape of the Distribution, Normality. An important aspect of the "description" of a variable is the shape of its distribution, which tells you the frequency of values from different ranges of the variable.
Typically, a researcher is interested in how well the distribution can be approximated by the normal distribution (see the animation below for an example of this distribution) (see also Elementary Concepts). Simple descriptive statistics can provide some information relevant to this issue. For example, if the skewness (which measures the deviation of the distribution from symmetry) is clearly different from 0, then that distribution is asymmetrical, while normal distributions are perfectly symmetrical.
More precise information can be obtained by performing one of the tests of normality to determine the probability that the sample came from a normally distributed population of observations (e. However, none of these tests can entirely substitute for a visual examination of the data using a histogram (i. The graph allows you to evaluate the normality of the empirical distribution because it also shows the normal curve superimposed over the histogram.
It also allows you to examine various aspects of the distribution qualitatively. For example, the distribution could be bimodal (have 2 peaks). This might suggest that the sample is not homogeneous but possibly its elements came from two different populations, each more or less normally distributed.
In such cases, in order to understand the nature of the variable in question, you should look for a way to quantitatively identify the two sub-samples.
To index Purpose (What is Correlation. The measurement scales used should be at least interval scales, but other correlation coefficients are available to handle other types of data. Correlation coefficients can range from -1. The value of -1. A value of 0.
The most widely-used type of correlation coefficient is Pearson r, also called linear or product- moment correlation. Simple Linear Correlation (Pearson r). Pearson correlation (hereafter called correlation), assumes that the two variables are measured on at least interval scales (see Elementary Concepts), and it determines the extent to which values of the two variables are "proportional" to each other.
The value of correlation (i. This line is called the regression line or least squares line, because it is determined such that the sum of the squared distances of all the data points from the line is the lowest possible. How to Interpret the Values of Correlations.
As mentioned before, the correlation coefficient (r) represents the linear relationship between two variables. If the correlation coefficient is squared, then the resulting value (r2, the coefficient of determination) will represent the proportion of common variation in the two variables (i. In order to evaluate the correlation between variables, it is important to know this "magnitude" or "strength" as well as the significance of the correlation.